If you are confused about the different types of hammer that exist and the exact type you need to achieve a particular task properly and accurately then this post is for you as it describes 10 amazing types of hammer, their names, and uses for construction purposes.
As a construction site manager, I have seen construction workers generalize all types of hammer as the same. This post, explains better this thought and belief.
I can bet that you generally call them hammers because they have a head and handle. but they have specific names and specific functions.
Parts of hammer
The hammer is divided into three main parts
- The head
- The handle
- The grip
For this, we would use one of the types of hammers as a labeled diagram for its parts
Types of hammer
1. Ball peen hammer
The ball peen hammer is also known as the machinist hammer. It is mostly recognized by its two heads: One end of this hammer is made rounded like a ball while the other end is made plane or flat.
What is the ball peen hammer used for?
The ball peen hammer is used for the following:
- It is used for surface hardening by impact (this process is called Peening. This is where it got its name from “ball peen hammer”)
- It is used for striking punches and chisels
- It is used for rounding off metal edges of rivets
- It is used by blacksmith’s to shape metals
2. Blacksmith’s hammer
This hammer is under the ball peen hammer family.
As the name implies, it is the most common and the traditional hammer you can easily find with most blacksmiths.
Every blacksmith would always want to have the best blacksmith hammer in his tool list.
How heavy is the blacksmith hammer?
Because of the intended use of the hammer (forging), it is required that it carries quite a weight.
The minimum weight of a blacksmith’s hammer should be about 1.5 lbs i.e about 0.7kg so that it can carry some power alongside your swinging and hitting when forging.
Find below some other types of hammers in the blacksmith’s category.
Types of hammer for blacksmiths
Find below some of the blacksmith hammer types
- The blacksmith roundinghammer
- The blacksmith’s giant hammer
- The blacksmith’s forming hammer
- The blacksmith’s raising hammer
3. Brick hammer
The brick hammer is also known as the stonemason’s hammer.
It is made in a way that one end of the hammer has the traditional flat appearance while the other end has a long (sometimes short) pickaxe-like blade.
The pickaxe-like end is used for slicing bricks, chipping out stone from a surface, or even chiseling out concrete without the need to have a separate tool like a chisel for that while the flat blunt end is used for grinding cement or sand or concrete mixture that is partially setting for reuse.
You can say it is a two-in-one service for masons.
The brick hammer comes in many sizes and shapes according to your fancy.
4. Claw hammer
The claw hammer is the primary tool for every carpenter. It is the most common and most affordable type of hammer every carpenter uses even if you are a beginner.
One end of the hammer is smooth and flat while the other end is made like a 2-finger fork and is curved like a claw (there is a purpose for this as will be mentioned later here)
It is commonly used for everyday construction purposes.
The general weight of claw hammers is anywhere between 7 to 32 oz which is equivalent to 0.2 – 0.9 in kilograms (kg)
Claw hammer uses
The main use of a claw hammer is to drive nails into wood using the flat surface while the 2-finger forked part (claw) is used to remove nails that are driven improperly. (main use for the claw). The claw, in addition to being forklike, is also “V” shaped so that the head of the nail gets stuck at the end of the V, so when upward pressure is applied, the nail comes out.
Claw hammers can also be called framing hammers but for the following:
a.) It will be a few inches longer than a standard hammer, which will provide you additional leverage.
b.) Extra ounces in the head of the framing hammer provide extra inertia for driving nails.
5. Club hammer
The club hammer is quite different from the 4 mentioned above as it is usually constructed with a robust full handle when held in the hand. Both sides of their heads are similar, flat, and most times semi-squared in shape.
Club hammers typically have a wooden handle, but some with resin handles are also available.
Because of the intended use of a club hammer, the heads are quite heavy but not heavier than what one hand can handle.
The weight is usually between 0.9 – 1.1kg
Uses of a club hammer
- They are the ideal hammer for delivering blows when cutting stone, or when plugging chisels or when striking bolsters
- They are used in building construction for light demolition jobs because of their tough design.
- It is used to hammer masonry nails into hard stony surfaces
- They are also used sometimes to forge metals in the absence of blacksmith’s hammer.
6. Drywall hammer
This is a lightweight specialist tool similar to the traditional common hammer.
It is used to modify and install drywall.
The drywall hammer has some special features only unique to a drywall hammer;
- The rounded flat striking surface of one of the heads. This design helps to prevent scratches or dents on the drywall when nailing
- One head has a milled face for gripping nails while th other end has a sharp hatchet-like, bevelled head for cutting openings which will serve as outlets in the drywall incase there be need for it while working.
Rough cutting is the term for the sort of cutting that the ax does. In many circumstances, the beveled part may also be used to remove nails that are wrongly driven.
7. Electrician hammer
Do not get confused.
The electricians’ hammer is similar to a claw hammer It does, however, include an insulated fiberglass handle and a rubber-coated grip, making it suitable for electrical work. It also has a longer striking face, which makes it easier for contractors to operate in constrained spaces.
Also, the hammer is designed to have perfect weight distribution and balance that offers a consistent swing with every strike. Stanley hammers are very lightweight and they’re only about 13.3 inches long
8. Joiners mallet
This hammer is mostly used by professional carpenters to drive chisels and tap wood joints. Its design enables it to perform delicate labor tasks where metal hammers would make a mess in scratches or dents.
You have to determine your wooden mallet’s weight by what you can carry and swing conveniently. However, on a scale of 100 to 1000, it should be between 390 and 620 grams.
In the grip area, the handle thickness is lowered to 3/4′′. The section that passes through the head is 1′′ thick.
9. Sledge hammer
We can say the sledgehammer is the senior version of a club hammer. It is bigger and heavier.
Its capability is demonstrated by the ease with which it smashes through concrete, masonry, and other stone varieties. You should have seen movies where sledgehammers are used to smash through doors or walls.
It is majorly used for demolition purposes.
Unlike the normal traditional hammers, this type of hammer has to be held and carried with both hands.
A sledgehammer has a long handle and a big, flat, generally metalhead. In comparison to hammers meant to drive nails, the sledgehammer’s long handle and hefty head allow it to build momentum during a swing and exert a considerable force. It has the capacity to disperse force across a large area. However, it can also be used for lighter work by just relying on the weight of the hammerhead.
Protective types of equipment should be worn as a safety precaution because of debris and dust that can get into our eyes and from unexpected impact so we do not hurt ourselves.
10. Tack hammer
The tack hammer is a small and lightweight hammer used by carpenters that are specialists in upholstery or furniture works like kitchen cabinets, settees, etc. Local shoemakers too have tack hammers in their worker tool list as a vital tool.
The nails used by this kind of hammers are so small that in making a tack hammer the split end is magnetic, allowing the user to quickly use the magnetic end to pick up nails for upholstery, cabinets, etc tacks without endangering their fingers. The magnetic end is divided in half to generate both north and south poles in the same part of the head, making it easier to keep the tack in the magnetized face’s center. This is brilliant.
Different hammers exist for different purposes and functions. it has been generalized in the construction industry as one.
we hope this article has been able to clarify that there are other numerous hammers aside from the common ones mentioned here.
The next time you engage in a job, whether professionally or in a DIY situation, and u need a hammer, use the right hammer for the right job
Please, like and share if you gained value. Also, leave a comment below if you know other common hammers that should have been mentioned here.